The Lower Swansea Valley Project

By: Hilton, K.J. (editor)

Price: £7.50

Quantity: 1 available

Book Condition: Very Good

Illustrated with charts and diagrams, quarto, pp xvi, 329, with base plan in pocket at rear, a small neat signature on the front endpaper, otherwise very clean internally, black cloth in very good condition, in a frayed and rubbed dustwrapper with a small tear on its upper cover. Together with a seven page typed and xeroxed account of the University College of Swansea, Department of Botany and Microbiology Excursion to the Lower Swansea Valley. {Over a period of about 150 years up until the 1920s, the open valley of the River Tawe became one of the most heavily industrialised areas of the developed world. There were a number of reasons that favoured the great expansion of industry in this particular location. The general exploitation of coal in the South Wales coalfield of the South Wales valleys had revealed seams of steam coal and anthracite close to the surface in the Upper Swansea valley and these were easily exploited by shallow drift mining or open cast mining. Smelting metals required more than three parts of coal to every one part of metal ore, so it was of major economic benefit to have easily available, high quality coal. Swansea also had a good port and safe anchorage. The combination of these two factors meant that it was financially more viable to bring the ore to Swansea's coal than take the coal to the ore. In addition, the very high tidal ranges at Swansea allowed deep draught ships to access the river mouth. This allowed large quantities of raw materials to be brought in (allowing further profit through economies of scale) and, more importantly, the finished products, such as sheet copper, tinplate, alum, porcelain and coal to be exported. The Lower Swansea Valley Project began in the early 1960s with the aim of seeking to reclaim the land. Over the next twenty years the entire community of the area became involved in restoring the land. Redevelopment of the area provided the South Dock and Maritime Quarter and the Liberty Stadium sports complex together with the Swansea Enterprise Park industrial park which included a large lake in the course of the Nant y Fendrod designed to help mitigate the concentrations of metals in the water. The lake itself is lined with limestone. Nearly all the old buildings were cleared, with only a very few of historic interest being preserved.}

Title: The Lower Swansea Valley Project

Author Name: Hilton, K.J. (editor)

Categories: Conservation, Industry, Landscape,

Edition: First Edition

Publisher: London, Longmans: 1967

Book Condition: Very Good

Jacket Condition: Good

Seller ID: 010758